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‘‘We do crewing... Nothing else’’ ADRIATICO-BRIG

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Морская аббревиатура

Аббревиатура

Значение

AA Always Afloat
AAAA Always Accessible Always
Afloat
AAOSA Always Afloat or Safe Aground.
Condition for a vessel whilst in port
AARA Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam
Area
ABAFT Toward the rear (stern) of the
ship. Behind.
ABOARD On or within the
ship
ABOVE DECK On the deck (not over it — see
ALOFT)
ABT About
ADCOM Address Commission
ADDENDUM Additional chartering terms at
the end of a charter party
AFSPS Arrival First Sea Pilot Station
(Norway)
AFFREIGHTMENT The hiring of a ship in whole or
part
AFT At or towards the stern or rear
of a ship
AGROUND Touching or fast to the
bottom
AGW All Going Well
AHL Australian Hold
Ladders
AIDS TO NAVIGATION Artificial objects to supplement
natural landmarks indicating safe and unsafe waters
ALOFT Above the deck of the
ship
AMIDSHIPS In or toward the centre of the
ship
ANCHORAGE A place suitable for anchorage
in relation to the wind, seas and bottom
ANTHAM Antwerp-Hamburg
Range
APS Arrival Pilot
Station
ARAG Amsterdam-Rotterdam—Antwerp-Gent Range
ARBITRATION Method of settling disputes
which is usually binding on parties. A clause usually in a charter
party
A/S Alongside
ASBA American Shipbrokers
Association
ASPW Any Safe Port in the
World
ASTERN In the back of the ship,
opposite of ahead
ATDNSHINC Any Time Day/Night Sundays and
Holidays Included
ATHWARTSHIPS At right angles to the
centreline of the ship
ATUTC Actual Times Used to
Count
BACKLETTER Where a seller/shipper issues a
‘letter of indemnity’ in favour of the carrier in exchange for a clean
bill of lading
BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel
Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight
amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for
bunkers.
BALE CAP. Cubic capacity of a vessels
holds to carry packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets
BALLAST Heavy weight, often sea water,
necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying
cargo
BALLAST BONUS Compensation for relatively long
ballast voyage
BAREBOAT CHTR. Bareboat Charter — Owners lease
a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial
operations only. Charterers take over all responsibility for the operation
of the vessel and expenses for the duration.
BBB Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to
freight payments that must be received before discharge of a vessel
commences
BDI Both Dates
Inclusive
BEAM The maximum breadth or the
greatest width of a ship
BELOW Beneath the
deck
BENDS “Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)”
BI Both Inclusive
BIMCO The Baltic and International
Maritime Council
BL1 Bale
BL2 (Bill of Lading) A document
signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt
and evidence of title to the cargo.
BM Beam
BN Booking Note
BOB Bunker on Board
BOFFER Best Offer
BOW The forward part of a
ship
BROB Bunkers Remaining on
Board
BROKERAGE Percentage of freight payable to
broker (by owners in c/p’s) or applicable to sale or purchase
BSS Basis
BSS 1/1 Basis 1 Port to 1
Port
BT Berth Terms
BULKHEAD A vertical partition separating
compartments
BUNDLING This is the assembly of pieces
of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is relevant to items such
as Structural Steel, Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst this is a very
flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily
handled by a large (20 tonne) fork lift.
BUNKERS Name given for vessels Fuel and
Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)
BUOY An anchored float used for
marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for
mooring
BWAD Brackish Water Arrival
Draft
CAF Currency Adjustment
Factor
CBM Cubic Metres
CBFT (or CFT) Cubic Feet
CFR (or C&F) Cost and Freight
CHART A map used by
navigators
CHOPT Charterers Option
CHTRS Charterers
CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight.
Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of
discharge.
CKD Completely knocked
down
COA Contract of Affreightment —
Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue tonne for cargo carried on a
specific number of voyages.
CIP Carriage and Insurance paid
to…
COACP Contract of Affreightment
Charter Party
COB Closing of Business
COBLDN Closing of Business
London
COD Cash On Delivery
COGSA Carriage of Goods by Sea
Act
CONGESTION Port/berth delays
CONS Consumption
C/SNEE CONSIGNEE. Name of agent,
company or person receiving consignment
COP Custom Of Port
CP (or C/P) Charter Party
CPD Charterers Pay Dues
CPT Carriage Paid To
CQD Customary Quick
Despatch
CR Current Rate
CROB Cargo Remaining on
Board
CRN Crane
CRT Cargo Retention Clauses,
introduced by charterers based on shortage of delivered cargo because of
increased oil prices
CST Centistoke
CTR Container Fitted
DA Disbursement
Account
DAF Deliver At Frontier
DAPS Days all Purposes (Total days
for loading & discharging)
DAMFORDET Damages for Detention. Penalty
if cargo is not ready when ship arrives for working (1st day of Laycan).
This is not detention which is charged for ships time on delay. If the
cargo is ready there is no DAMFORDET.
DDU Delivered Duty
unpaid.
DDP Delivered Duty
Paid.
DECK A permanent covering over a
compartment, hull or any part thereof
DEM Demurrage (Quay Rent). Money
paid by the shipper for the occupying port space beyond a specified “Free
Time” period.
DEQ Delivered Ex Quay
DES Delivered Ex Ship
DESP Despatch. Time saved, reward for
quick turnaround- in dry cargo only
DET Detention (See
DAMFORDET)
DEV Deviation. Vessel departure from
specified voyage course
DFRT Deadfreight. Space booked by
shipper or charterer on a vessel but not used
DHDATSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on All
Time Saved Both Ends
DHDWTSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on
Working Time Saved Both Ends
DISCH Discharge
DK Deck
DLOSP Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot
(Norway)
DO Diesel Oil
DOLSP Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot
(Norway)
DOP Dropping Outward
Pilot
DOT Department of
Transport
DNRCAOSLONL Discountless and Non-Returnable
Cargo and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost
DRAUGHT (or DRAFT) Depth to which a ship is
immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship
and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship
and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the
ship is lying.
DRK Derrick
DUNNAGE Materials of various types,
often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence
protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain
cargoes, to provide space in which the tynes of a fork lift truck may be
inserted.
DWAT (or DWT) Deadweight. Weight of cargo,
stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded
displacement.
EBB A receeding current
EC East Coast
EIU Even If Used
ELVENT Electric
Ventilation
ETA Estimated Time of
Arrival
ETC Estimated Time of
Completion
ETD Estimated Time of
Departure
ETS Estimated Time of
Sailing
EXW Ex Works
FAC Fast as can
FAS Free Alongside Ship. Seller
delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and
buyer covers costs and risks of loading
FCA Free to Carrier. A modern
equivalent of FAS used in intermodal transport where goods are transferred
at a nominated forwarders premises, depot or terminal but not actually on
board vessel.
FD (FDIS) Free Discharge
FDD Freight Demurrage
Deadfreight
FDESP Free Despatch
FDEDANRSAOCLONL Freight Deemed Earned,
Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not
Lost
FENDER A cushion, placed between ships,
or between a ship and a pier, to prevent damage
FEU Standard 40
Container
FHEX Fridays/Holidays
Excluded
FHINC Fridays/Holidays
Included
FILO Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight
with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier pays for discharge
costs.
FIO Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO
includes the seafreight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the
charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo.
FIOS Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO,
but excludes stowage costs.
FIOST Free In/Out and Trimmed.
Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage
and trimming.
FIOT Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per
FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk cargoes. FIOS
includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging and stowage
costs.
FIT Free In Trimmed
FIW Free In Wagon
FIXING Chartering a Vessel
FIXTURE Conclusion of shipbrokers
negotiations to charter a ship — an agreement
FLATPACKING Cargo to be presented stacked
and secured as an integral unit.
FLT Full Liner Terms
FMC Federal Maritime
Commission
FME Force Majeure
Excepted
FMS Fathoms
FO1 For Orders
FO2
(IFO)
Fuel Oil/Intermediate
FO
FO3 Free Out
FOB Free on Board. Seller sees the
goods “over the ships rail” on to the ship which is arranged and paid for
by the buyer
FOFFER Firm Offer
FOG For Our Guidance
FOQ Free On Quay
FOR Free On Rail
FORCE MAJEURE Clause limiting responsibilities
of the charterers, shippers and receivers of cargo.
FORE-AND-AFT In a line parallel to the
keel
FORWARD Toward the bow of the
ship
FOT Free On Truck
FOW1 First Open Water
FOW2 Free On Wharf
FP Free Pratique. Clearance by the
Health Authorities
FR First Refusal. First attempt at
best offer that can be matched
FREEBOARD The minimum vertical distance
from the surface of the water to the gunwale
FRT Freight. Money payable on
delivery of cargo in a mercantile condition
FREE DESPATCH If loading/discharging achieved
sooner than agreed, there will be no freight money returned.
FREE EXINS Free of any Extra Insurance
(Owners)
FREE OUT Free of discharge costs to
owners. Includes seafreight only.
FRUSTRATION Charterers when cancelling
agreement sometimes quote ‘doctrine of frustration’ i.e. vessel is lost,
extensive delays.
FWAD Fresh Water Arrival
Draft
FWDD Fresh Water Departure
Draft
FYG For Your Guidance
FYI For Your
Information
GA General Average
GEAR A general term for ropes,
blocks, tackle and other equipment
GLS (GLESS) Gearless
GNCN Gencon (GENERAL
CONDITIONS)
GN (or GR) Grain (Capacity)
GO Gas Oil
GP Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity
in ‘grain’
GR Geographical Rotation. Ports in
order of calling
GRD Geared
GRT Gross Registered
Tonnage
GSB Good, Safe Berth
GSP Good, Safe Port
GTEE Guarantee
GUNWALE The upper edge of a ship’s
sides
2H Second Half
HA Hatch
HAGUE RULES Code of minimum conditions for
the carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading
HATCH An opening in a ship’s deck
fitted with a watertight cover
HBF Harmless Bulk
Fertilizer
HDLTSBENDS Half Despatch Lay Time Saved
Both Ends
HDWTS Half Despatch Working (or
Weather) Time Saved
HHDW Handy Heavy d.w.
(Scrap)
HIRE T/C Remuneration
HMS Heavy Metal Scraps
HO Hold
HOLD A compartment below deck in a
large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo
HULL The main body of a
ship
HW High Water
ICW Intercoastal Waterway : bays,
rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of
Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into
the sea
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous
Goods Code
IMO International Maritime
Organisation
IN &/OR OVER Goods carried below and/or on
deck
IND Indication
INTERMODAL Carriage of a commodity by
different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single
journey
INCOTERMS (Refer to comments in covering
statement on front page A-F)
ITF International Transport Workers
Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on crewing
ITINERARY Route.Schedule
IU If Used
IUHTAUTC If Used, Half Time Actually To
Count
IWL Institute Warranty
Limits
KEEL The centreline of a ship running
fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel
KNOT A measurement of speed equal to
one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour
LANE METER A method of measuring the space
capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is
represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in
width.
LASH To hold goods in position by use
of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.
LAT Latitude. The distance north or
south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.
LAYCAN Laycan (Layday Cancelling
Date)
LAYTIME Time at Charterers disposal for
purpose of loading/discharging
L/C Letter of Credit
LCR Lowest Current Rate
LEE The side sheltered from the
wind
LEEWARD The direction away from the
wind. Opposite of windward
LEEWAY The sideways movement of the
ship caused by either wind or current
LF Load Factor. Percentage of cargo
or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried on a vessel of 10,000
capacity has a load factor of 40%
LIEN Retention of property until
outstanding debt is paid
LNG Liquefied Natural
Gas
LOA Length Overall of the
vessel
LOAD LINE SEE PLIMSOLL LINE
LOF Lloyds Open Form
LOG A record of courses or
operation. Also, a device to measure speed
LOI Letter of Indemnity
LONGITUDE The distance in degrees east or
west of the meridian at Greenwich, England
LOW Last Open Water
LS (or LUMPS) Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to
Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit
irrespective of quantity of cargo
LSD Lashed Secured
Dunnaged
LT1 Liner Terms
LT2 Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram
(2,240 lbs)
LTHH Liner Terms
Hook/Hook
LW Low Water
LYCN Laycan (Layday Cancelling
Date)
MANIFEST Inventory of cargo on
board
MB Merchant Broker
MDO (DO) Marine Diesel Oil
MIDSHIP Approximately in the location
equally distant from the bow and stern
MIN/MAX Minimum/Maximum (cargo
quantity)
MOA Memorandum of
Agreement
MOLCHOPT More or Less Charterers
Option
MOLOO More or Less Owners
Option
MOORING An arrangement for securing a
ship to a mooring buoy or pier
MT Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000
kilos)
M/V Motor Vessel / Merchant
Vessel
NAABSA Not Always Afloat But Safely
Aground
NM Nautical Mile. One minute of
latitude; approximately 6,076 feet — about 1/8 longer than the statute
mile of 5,280 feet
NAVIGATION The art and science of
conducting a ship safely from one point to another
NCB National Cargo
Bureau
NESTING Implies that cargo is presented
stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a
stack of plates. This is particularly relevant in the presentation of
tankage strakes for transport
NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading
completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to
discharge time allowed.
NOR Notice of Readiness
NRT Net Restricted
Tonnage
NYPE New York Produce
Exchange
OO Owners Option
OBO Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel
OSH Open Shelter Deck
OVERBOARD Over the side or out of the
ship
OWS Owners
P&I Protection and Indemnity
Insurance
PASTUS Past Us
PC Period of Charter
PCGO Part Cargo
PCT Percent
PDPR Per Day Pro Rata
PERDIEM By the Day
PER SE By Itself
PHPD Per Hatch Per Day
PLIMSOLL MARKalt.PLIMSOLL
LINEalt.LOAD LINE
An internationally recognised line painted on the side of
merchant ships. When a ship is loaded, the water level is not supposed to
go above the line. Water can reach different parts of the line as its
temperature and saltiness varies with the season and location. From where
Plimsoll Shipping derived its naim.
PORT The left side of a ship looking
forward. A harbour.
PRATIQUE Licence or permission to use a
port
PREAMBLE Introduction to a charter
party
PROFORMA Estimated Account
PUS Plus Us
PWWD Per Weather Working
Day
RCVR Receiver
RECAP Recapitulation of the terms and
conditions agreed
REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading
completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added
to discharge operations.
ROB Remaining On Board
RT Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric
tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated
on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The
overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied
by the freight rate.
SATPM Saturday P.M.
SB Safe Berth
SD (or SID) Single Decker
SEAFREIGHT Costs charged for transporting
goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or loading/discharging
costs but the sea transport only
SEAWORTHINESS Statement of condition of the
vessel (valid certificates, fully equipped and manned etc.)
SELFD Self Discharging
SEMI-TRAILERS Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed
road trailers
SF Stowage Factor. Cubic space
(measurement tonne) occupied by one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of
cargo
SHINC Sundays/Holidays
Included
SHEX Sundays/Holidays
Excluded
SKIDS Are bearers (timber or steel)
positioned under the cargo to enable forklift handling at port, and for
ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.
SN Satellite Navigation — A form of
position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with
sophisticated on-board automatic equipment
SOC Shipper Owned
Container
SOF Statement of Facts
SP Safe Port
SPIDERING Is the strengthening of circular
tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks from becoming warped. The
tanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeams giving a “spider”
appearance
SRBL Signing and Releasing Bill of
Lading
SSHEX Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays
Excluded
SSHINC (or
SATSHINC)
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays
Included
STABILITY It is paramount that a vessel is
stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the
stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight
and position of cargo within the vessel.
STARBOARD Right side of a ship when facing
the front or forward end.
STEM Subject to Enough Merchandise
(Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part of the
bow.
STERN The aformost or after part of a
ship
SUB Subject (to). Depending upon as
a condition
SUPERCARGO Person employed by a ship owner,
shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise
cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.
SWAD Salt Water Arrival
Draft
SWDD Salt Water Departure
Draft
THWARTSHIPS At right angles to the
centreline of the ship
TIDE The periodic rise and fall of
water level in the oceans
TIME BAR Time after which legal claims
will not be entered
TBN To Be naimd / To Be
Nominated
TC Time Charter — Owners agree to
hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical
management, crewing etc.
TCP Time Charter Party
TEU Standard 20′
Container
TOPSIDES The sides of a ship between the
waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the
deck
TRIM Fore and aft balance of a
ship
TTL Total
TW Tween Decker
USC Unless Sooner
Commenced
UU Unless Used
UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time
Actually Used To Count
VPD Vessel Pays Dues
WATERLINE A line painted on a hull which
shows the point to which a ship sinks when it is properly
trimmed
WAY Movement of a ship through water
such as headway, sternway or leeway
WCCON Whether Customs Cleared Or
Not
WIBON Whether In Berth Or
Not
WIFPON Whether In Free Pratique Or
Not
WINDWARD Toward the direction from which
the wind is coming
WIPON Whether In Port Or
Not
WLTOHC Water Line-To-Hatch
Coaming
WOG Without Guarantee
WP Weather Permitting. That time
during which weather prevents working shall not count as
laytime
WPD Weather Permitting Day
WWD Weather Working Day
WRIC Wire Rods In Collis
WWR When, Where Ready
WWWW Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon,
Wipon
YAR York Antwerp Rules
YAW To swing or steer off course, as
when running with a quartering sea






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